Iran’s opiated, incompetent, corrupt and violently-repressive Ghajar dynasty were very much under the influence of the colonial British from 1700 to 1900. Illiterate and superstitious Mullahs, in partnership with the kings, controlled everything. During this protracted period of 200 years, Iran experienced ZERO economic growth and the population degenerated into a bunch of opiated, lazy, helpless ragamuffins at the whim of the Russian Czars in the north and British forces in the South.
The only real interest for colonial Britain in Iran and Afghanistan was to create a buffer zone between Russia and the warm waters of the Persian Gulf and the jewel in her empire, The East India Company. With the discovery of oil at the beginning of 1900, Iran’s value for the declining British Empire multiplied and thus her protection commanded greater attention.
In the early 1900s, the Marxist-Leninist revolution was brewing in Russia on the 1,500km-wide northern borders of Iran. This was a serious worry for the Brits who knew that this threat was not something that the aged, opiated, illiterate and utterly incompetent and corrupt Ghajar king could deal with. Thus, colonial Britain and her European partners were of the opinion that they needed a strong military leader to start building a modern army combined with the required infrastructure to prevent the Marxist-Leninists revolutionaries from spilling into Iran.
There was a Russian-trained Iranian/Kassack force watching the northern borders between Iran and Russia and this force had a commanding officer called Reza Khan (or Sir Reza). He was a six-foot-five, larger than life figure, a natural leader who loved Iran and pained to watch her misery and destitution as an officer. But he could not do much as the colonel of a small contingent in the north, while the central government in Tehran controlled everything.
“After the horrific, but successful Russian Communist Revolution of 1917 and Lenin’s rise to power (forgiving Iran’s debt to Czarist Russia with a friendly rapprochement), colonial Britain became seriously anxious and pushed for Colonel Reza to adopt the role of Defense Minister to pursue his patriotic dreams of building a strong and modern army. A few years later, Britain supported Colonel Reza to remove the aged, opiated Ghajar king and establish a new order which gave birth to the Pahlavi Dynasty. (Pahlavi is the name of the original ancient Persian imperial language).
“Colonel Reza became King Reza Pahlavi and his rule coincided with that of Ataturk in present-day Turkey after the First World War in which Great Britain and France were the final victors. And thank God for it, since they caused the fall and disintegration of the 500-year-old Ottoman Islamic dictatorship and carved its empire into what we now recognize as Egypt, Iraq, Syria, Kuwait, Jordan, Palestine, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Oman and Yemen, leaving Turkey’s Ataturk to do as he please.
“King Reza in Iran was very much in favor of Ataturk’s doctrine of a secular political system, as they both had seen in their lifetime the regressive nature of Islamic theology. This only resulted in a brutal and savage dictatorship, a zero-growth economy and inept policies that kept the people poor, destitute, superstitious, dependent and in a perpetual state of the dark ages.
“Turkey and Iran were a perfect example for these two patriotic, visionary, progressive and pro-Western leaders to remove the Muslim clergy from power. They knew that the only way to pull their nations out of the dark ages and bring them into the modern world was to neuter the Muslim clergy and their twisted, perverted interpretation of the Quran. So Ataturk in Turkey, and King Reza in Iran, started their onerous task of pulling these two old, illiterate, opiated, lazy, backward and deeply-brainwashed nations out of the dark ages and into the modern world.
“Ataturk succeeded, because he had a much stronger army which defeated even the British and the French military machines on many fronts after the First World War. Thus he was able to negotiate his way out by giving up much of the Ottoman Empire’s territory to the British and French forces, and maintain his independence and sovereignty within the borders of present-day Turkey. In doing so, he had complete independence to do as he wished. As a result, he successfully established a secular constitution and a two-party political system with a constitutional mandate for the national army to interfere with and remove any government that promoted theocracy and religious rule.
“However, Iran’s King Reza was not in the same position. He had no army, and he was at the mercy of the colonial British and newly-communist Russia who strangled him from the north and south. King Reza was surrounded by a nation that consisted of an ignorant majority and a treacherous minority. And Britain knew very well that should King Reza succeed in establishing a secular political system and modernize Iran, she could no longer have any influence and her new-found oil assets with her one-sided oil contracts via the Anglo Persian Oil Company - later the Anglo Iranian Oil Company and now British Petroleum - would be seriously jeopardized. To this end, colonial Britain had a hand in our 1906 Constitution in which there was addendums that gave the power to five Ayatollahs who could reject any bill passed by the parliament if they were not compatible with Islamic Sharia law. This was enough to plant the malignant seed of the ‘zero-growth’ economy in the Iranian political system.
“When King Reza consolidated his power in 1926 and pressed on with removing the Mullahs from controlling the judicial system based on the old and rusty Islamic Sharia laws, and thence introduced Roman and English Law, establishing modern schools, universities, and liberating women from the mandatory Islamic veil, introducing European dress codes and forcing the Mullahs to de-robe and even remove their turbans and wear a European hat, the British leaders started building on these misgivings amongst the Mullahs and encouraged them to maintain their opposition to secularism and modernity.
“King Reza, fully aware of the fact that Britain had no desire to see a modern, industrialized, well developed and assertive Iran, approached the French, the Germans, Norway, Belgium, and other Europeans for technical support. The Germans, having had imperial plans to attack Communist Russia, hoped to control the Iranian oilfields. They extended their help more than others and Iran’s first national railroad, national university, national court and a civil service were built. Subsequently, the Mullahs were marginalized, and their massive land ownership (illegally obtained through religious endowments) was nationalized. They were left to lick their wounds and survive on charitable handouts and religious activities.
“It was here that King Reza failed where Ataturk succeeded. King Reza should have completely eliminated the Qom religious school that bred regressive Mullahs. In its stead it should have established a cluster of modern schools of divinity in universities to breed a new generation of modern thinking, patriotic and progressive clergy to teach morality, ethics and faith while keeping the national interest at heart. This historical negligence proved to be his dynasty’s source of eventual fall 49 years later in the body of the disastrous 1979 Islamic revolution that took Iran back by a century.
“At the height of the Second World War, and with Germany’s incursion into Iran, coupled with King Reza’s announcement of neutrality, the Allied forces had no choice but to invade Iran in 1943, and decide at the famous Tehran Conference to carve Iran into three special interest zones, giving the northern region to Russia, and the southern oil-rich region to the Anglo-Americans. This geo-political butchery forced King Reza to abdicate and cede power to his 23-year-old son, Crown Prince Mohammad Reza, with a subservient cabinet at the service of the Allied powers.
“In the post-Second World War period - which rapidly turned into a time of American ascendancy - Iran came under U.S. influence while British power was waning East of Suez. The Americans, being fully aware of Iran’s history and the Mullahs’ anti-Western and regressive sentiments, encouraged King Mohammad Reza to press on with modernization and marginalization of the Muslim clergy.
In 1950, a French-educated lawyer and patriotic leader, Dr Mosadeq, was popularly elected as Prime Minister and pressed on with nationalizing of the Anglo Iranian Oil company in a bid to end British control of the nation’s only source of revenue. This move led to his ouster by the C.I.A. and M.I.6 in 1953, followed by the enforcement of a new 25-year oil concession in 1954, with 40% of shares reserved for the Anglo Iranian Oil Company, 14% for Royal Dutch Shell (also controlled by the British) 40% to five American oil companies and 6% for the French CFP company.
“Bolstered by the Americans and sporting a new-found self-confidence, King Mohammad Reza pressed on with modernization and industrialization programs which inevitably created social and economic dislocation. After launching his ‘White Revolution’ and land reform he effectively marginalized and ended the influence of the Muslim clergy and the traditional Bazaari merchants’ control. Thus were sown the seeds of contention between the forces of modernity and tradition.
“By the time President Kennedy was in office, the Iranian government’s ‘White Revolution’ was in full force. It intended to boost literacy, improve health, modernize agriculture, re-distribute massive parcels of land controlled by the unproductive Mullahs and religious endowments. All aimed to remove, once and for all, the Muslim clergy’s power base as major land owners and put the nation on the right track towards industrialization, modernization and eventually a secular, liberal democratic political system that would incorporate Iran into the free and democratic family of nations.
“In 1963 Khomeini, an unknown Mullah, attended an earthquake location in Booin Zahra, Qazvin, a city north of Tehran, and for the first time openly blasted the monarchy, blaming the Shah for all the misery that had resulted from the earthquake. He urged the Bazaari merchants (most of whom are fanatic Muslims), to stage a demonstration in Tehran. The reason the Bazaari merchants were sympathetic to Khomeini’s call was that the government’s modernization programs and free-market economy had given birth to a new middle class, Westernized entrepreneurs and businessmen and businesswomen in suits and ties and modern dress who were effectively competing with the ancient Bazaari merchants who had for years enjoyed a near complete monopoly of the economy.
“Following the land reform, the dispossessed Mullahs and Bazaari found a common enemy in the King’s progressive government; they knew that the Mullahs’ ability to incite and enrage the poor and the illiterate masses was a potent force that could mobilize the people. However, in 1963 President Kennedy and the American policy makers had a clear vision for a modern Iran. They thus advised the King to deal forcefully with the antagonizors which resulted in the arrest of Khomeini and the prosecution of few of his supporters. Khomeini was exiled and took residence in Iraq where Saddam Hussein who hated the King relished to be his host.
“In exile in Iraq, Khomeini continued building his network of Mullahs through clandestine efforts and waited for his moment. And, soon enough, the 25-year oil concessions of 1954 to the Anglo-American consortium was coming to an end. The patriotic King Mohammad Reza refused to sign another 25 year oil concession that left very little profit for Iran. This refusal then became the source of contention between Iran and the Anglo-American Oil Cartel.
“The Anglo-American’s scheme to remove the patriotic King Mohammad Reza was based on a detailed study of the phenomenon of Islamic fundamentalism, as cooked and presented by British Islamic expert, Dr. Bernard Lewis, then on assignment at Princeton University in the United States. Lewis's scheme, which was unveiled at the May 1979 Bilderberg meeting in Austria, endorsed the radical Muslim Brotherhood movement behind Khomeini, in order to promote the balkanization of the entire Muslim world along tribal and religious lines. Lewis argued that the West should encourage autonomous groups, such as the Kurds, Armenians, Lebanese Maronites, Egyptian Copts, Azerbaijani Turks, and so forth. The chaos would spread in what he termed an 'Arc of Crisis,' which would spill over into Muslim regions of the Soviet Union, embroiled in the cold war.
“The coup against the King Mohammad Reza was orchestrated by British and American intelligence, with the bombastic American, Brzezinski, taking public 'credit' for getting rid of the 'corrupt' monarchy, while the British, characteristically, remained safely in the background.
During 1978, the negotiations between King Mohammad Reza's government and the British Petroleum for renewal of the 25-year old extraction agreement continued. By October 1978, the talks had collapsed over a British 'offer' which demanded exclusive rights to Iran's future oil output, while refusing to guarantee purchase of the oil. With Iran’s dependence on British-controlled export at an end, Iran appeared on the verge of independence in its oil sales policy for the first time since 1953, with eager prospective buyers in Germany, France, Japan and elsewhere. In its lead editorial September 1978, Iran's Kayhan International Newspaper stated:
“In retrospect, the 25-year partnership with the [British Petroleum] and the consortium and the 50-year relationship with British Petroleum which preceded it, have not been satisfactory ones for Iran … Looking to the future, NIOC [National Iranian Oil Company] should plan to handle all operations by itself”.
London was blackmailing Iran and applying enormous economic pressure by refusing to buy Iranian oil production, taking only three million or so barrels daily of an agreed minimum of five million barrels per day. This imposed dramatic revenue pressures on Iran, which provided the context in which religious discontent against the government could be fanned by trained agitators deployed by British and U.S. intelligence. In addition, strikes among oil workers at this critical juncture crippled Iranian oil production.
As Iran's domestic economic troubles grew, American 'security' advisers to the government’s security forces implemented a policy of ever more brutal repression, in a manner calculated to maximize popular antipathy towards the government. At the same time, the Carter administration cynically began protesting abuses of 'human rights' under the King Mohammad Reza.
British Petroleum began to organize capital flights out of Iran, through its influence in Iran's financial and banking community. The British Broadcasting Corporation's Persian-language broadcasts, with dozens of Persian-speaking BBC 'correspondents' sent into even the smallest villages, drummed up hysteria against the King. The BBC gave Khomeini a full propaganda platform inside Iran during this time. The British government-owned broadcasting organization refused to give the Iran's government an equal chance to reply. Repeated personal appeals from the government to the BBC yielded no result. Anglo-American intelligence was committed to toppling the monarchy. The King fled in January, and by February 1979, Khomeini had been flown into Tehran by a French government chartered Air France aircraft to proclaim the establishment of his repressive theocratic state to replace the Iran's Constitutional Monarchy.
“Reflecting on his downfall months later, shortly before his death, the King noted from exile,
“I did not know it then – perhaps I did not believe – but it is clear to me now that the Anglo- Americans wanted me out. Clearly this is what the human rights advocates in the State Department wanted … What was I to make of the Administration's sudden decision to call former Under Secretary of State George Ball to the White House as an adviser on Iran? … Ball was among those Americans who wanted to abandon me and ultimately my country.”
With the fall of the patriotic and progressive thinking monarchy in Iran and the coming to power of the fanatical Khomeini and his adherents, chaos and criminality was unleashed. By May 1979, the new Khomeini regime had singled out the country's nuclear power development plans and announced the cancellation of the entire program for French and German nuclear reactor construction.
Iran's oil company and its operations were taken over by a mysterious group of sixty undercover agents and exports to the world were suddenly cut off, some three million barrels per day. Curiously, Saudi Arabian production in the critical days of January 1979 was also cut by some two million barrels per day. To add to the pressures on world oil supply, British Petroleum declared force majeure and cancelled major contracts for oil supply. Prices on the Rotterdam spot market, heavily influenced by BP and Royal Cutch Shell as the largest oil traders, soared in early 1979 as a result. The second oil shock of the 1970s orchestrated by the cartel was fully under way.
Indications are that the actual planners of the Khomeini’s coup were in London and within the senior ranks of the U.S. liberal establishment. They decided to keep President Carter largely ignorant of the policy and its ultimate objectives. The ensuing American embassy takeover in Tehran and energy crisis in the United States was a major factor in bringing about Carter's defeat a year later.
There was never a real shortage in the world supply of petroleum. Existing Saudi and Kuwaiti production capacities could at any time have met the five-six million barrels per day temporary shortfall, as a U.S. congressional investigation by the General Accounting Office confirmed months later.
Unusually low reserve stocks of oil held by the Seven Sisters oil multinationals contributed to creating a devastating world oil price shock, with prices for crude oil soaring from a level of some $14 per barrel in 1978 towards the astronomical heights of $40 per barrel for some grades of crude on the spot market. Long gasoline lines across America contributed to a general sense of panic, and Carter Energy Secretary and former CIA Director, James R. Schlesinger, did not help calm matters when he told Congress and the media in February 1979 that the Iranian oil shortfall was 'prospectively more serious' than the 1973 Arab oil embargo.
The Carter administration's Trilateral Commission foreign policy further ensured that any European effort from Germany and France to develop more cooperative trade, economic and diplomatic relations with their Soviet neighbour, under the umbrella of détente and various Soviet-west European energy agreements, was also thrown into disarray.
Carter's security adviser, Zbigniew Brzezinski, and secretary of state, Cyrus Vance, implemented their 'Arc of Crisis' policy, spreading the instability of the Iranian revolution throughout the perimeter around the Soviet Union. Through the Islamic movements from Pakistan to Iran, U.S. initiatives created instability or worse.
At the same time the leftist and communist movements like the Mujahedeen Khalgh, and a few others who were created by the Soviets betrayed the people of Iran and were in bed with Communist Russia, and had become a terrorizing underground force and were pushing for a communist revolution in Iran. King Mohammad Reza had proven to be too soft in dealing with the mind-enslaving Communist menace and this created a worry on the part of Anglo-American interest groups, fearing that a Soviet Union-backed Communist revolution in Iran was not inconceivable.
The British were able to convince the Americans that a religious movement might be best in confronting Communist expansion in Iran, Afghanistan, Iraq and other oil-rich countries and to encircle the Soviet Union and penetrate the central Asian republics of Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Chechnya, Azerbaijan who were all Muslim countries under Soviet influence. This policy was unanimously approved.
The Guadalupe Conference held on 3 January 1979 at the invitation of the then French President Giscard d'Estaing, was attended by American President Carter, Chancellor of West Germany Helmut Schmidt, British Prime Minister James Callaghan, and Giscard d'Estaing himself. It negotiated the different challenges that the Soviet Union was presenting to the Western world. It was revealed in this conference that American President Jimmy Carter was convinced by the three European leaders that in order to protect the Western block’s interest the Islamic Revolution in Iran ought to be supported.
So in 1979, the Islamic Republic was created and the intervening 34 years of catastrophe and destruction of Iran’s progress had begun. In 1980, Khomeini’s announcement of exporting his Islamic Revolution to Iraq was enough to provoke Saddam Hussein to attack Iran and start the eight-year war of attrition, killing over one million Iranian Muslim child soldiers and the same number on the other side and setting Iran back by a century. The most interesting part is that officially there is no word on the oil concessions and what exactly was agreed between Khomeini’s regime and the oil consortium. Since then the National Iranian Oil Company has been operating in total secrecy and the people of Iran have no clue of the exact level of production, prices, the parties involved and the whereabouts of the oil revenues.
Since then, we, the patriotic leaders of Iran, the middle class, those in favor of modernity, industrialization, secularism, separation of religion from the state have been fighting the Mullah’s regime. We will continue to fight until the regressive, repressive, violent, corrupt and incompetent Mullahs are removed from power and Iran is once again set on the right track of building a modern, secular and liberal democratic nation to join the free and democratic family of nations. It took the West 34 years and the destruction of Iran to come to the realization that they could not repress the progressive forces in Iran. The Soviet Union failed and disintegrated and there is no longer a communist threat, but the Muslim fundamentalist parties like the Muslim Brotherhood and radical Hezbollah have become the new menace which needs to be dealt with in the Middle East and North Africa.”
The above is the factual version and the true historical account of how we got to where we are today. It is universally acknowledged that Khamenei’s regime has no intention of allowing Iranians to build a modern, industrialized and democratic nation. Therefore, the people of Iran and our patriotic leaders are left with no other option but to support a regime change either through a massive nationwide strike and civil disobedience or if need be, by force. Regime Change is the only way to bring about a swift end to the horrific tyranny and liberate Iran once and for all.
The Anglo-American powers are advised to promote justice and fairness in their foreign policies towards other nations and stop deceiving the world and leading it to the path of war and self-destruction. Iran’s Islamic Republic regime is an evil conspiracy designed to deceive, destroy and retard the people of Iran and prevent us from making progress and the names of governments and individuals who collaborate with and support Khomeini’s evil regime in Iran are and will be registered as the enemies of the people of Iran and without a doubt a time will come that they all have to account for such cardinal crimes against humanity.